Emergency Appropriations and the Fiscal Response to September 11

  • George L. Ward
Keywords: emergency appropriations, September 11, fiscal response, emergency funding, terrorist attacks, terrorism, Budget Enforcement Act, BECA, emergencies, Federal Emergency Management Agency, FEMA


One of the prominent features of the Budget Enforcement Act of 1990 (BEA) is the provision for emergency spending. Since the implementation of the BEA, emergency supplemental appropriations have been granted in a variety of situations, from droughts to wars and earthquakes to riots. Most recently, appropriations were made available in response to the September 11 terrorist attacks on the United States. This article describes the emergency appropriations process following the attacks. Additionally, proposed alternatives to the current appropriations process are presented and assessed in light of the events of September 11.

Author Biography

George L. Ward
George Ward is a Master of Public Administration degree candidate at The George Washington University. Mr. Ward is currently a Presidential Management Intern at the US. Department of State. He received a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from Brigham Young University and a Master’s degree in Economics from the University of Delaware.